High temperature is a protective reaction of an organism to viruses or bacteria that occurs to prevent the multiplication of pests and their successful destruction by the immune system. Colds and flu are the most common causes of temperature, especially in autumn and winter. The question arises, how and how to knock down the temperature in adults, and whether it is possible to do it at all.
DO I NEED TO KEEP TEMPERATURE?
Febrile temperature (within 38-39.1 degrees) during the first three days of a cold or flu is beneficial to the body, so it should not be knocked down immediately. At this time, the body is struggling with the disease. First, it produces interferon, a protein that helps fight infections. Secondly, the blood vessels expand, simplifying the transport of immune cells. And, finally, viruses and bacteria often do not withstand such “heat” themselves and eventually not only stop multiplying, but also die. If the temperature is high, but tolerable, an adult should not rush with febrifuge. Thus, giving time to the body to withstand its first fight. With a sufficient amount of liquid, sweating increases and a process of thermo regulation occurs, which means that soon the temperature normalizes. And only when you see that the heat keeps for hours, or rises rapidly, it can be knocked down.
But there are cases when it is not worth hesitating:
- High temperature lasts longer than three days
- Hyper-thermal temperature (above 39 degrees)
- When the antipyretic was prescribed by the attending physician in order to avoid exacerbation of existing chronic diseases
- Failure of thermo regulation (signs: the body does not sweat, or cold sweat appears, the skin becomes pale, there is a strong chill)
- Lethargy is accompanied by confusion and delirium
WHAT MEDICINES TO SOLVE TEMPERATURE
Among the 15 groups of NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) there are sure to be those that will help to knock down even the highest temperature in an adult.
First of all, these drugs are the first generation – acetylsalicylic acid (Analgin, Citramon), paracetamol and ibuprofen (Nurofen, Ibuprofen, Voltaren).
These drugs are known for their analgesic and antipyretic effect, and with the correct dosage and symptomatic application do not cause side effects. In addition to Analgin, he was more than dangerous.
Analgin is one of the most allergenic drugs, which in one of the 50,000 causes an anaphylactic shock. Also, this drug is able to cause agranulocytosis – a decrease in the number of white blood cells in the blood, which leads to the body’s vulnerability to fungi and bacteria. After two applications in a row, analgin can lead to electrolyte disorders and provoke oliguria. Therefore, the use of analgin, especially at high temperatures, is not recommended even for adults.
Due to the wide distribution and easy accessibility, pharmacists have taken care of the creation of advanced second-generation anti-inflammatory drugs. They can be taken in courses without fear of complications. These are drugs such as Celebrex, Naise, Nimesil, Nimulide. They cost more and are more often sold under the prescription, however, have fewer side effects. However, at elevated temperature, this is not relevant and you can get by with some drugs of the first group.
Medicines based on ibuprofen are one of the most effective antipyretic and analgesic agents. To bring down the heat to an adult, enough 200 ml of ibuprofen, then the drug can be repeated (4-6 tablets per day). Contraindications of ibuprofen include: liver and kidney pathologies, individual intolerance to the drug, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, impaired blood circulation, alcohol.
Aspirin is unjustly associated exclusively with pain medications, although it also has antipyretic properties. To reduce body temperature, you need to take 1 tablet of aspirin 3 times a day after meals. Among the contraindications Aspirin: a stomach ulcer, a tendency to hemorrhage, kidney and liver problems, treatment with anticoagulants and bronchial asthma.
Use paracetamol at high temperature and do not hurt yourself if you strictly follow the dosage (200 mg) and the absence of kidney failure and liver diseases (hepatitis, cirrhosis, etc.). Paracetamol is also not compatible with alcohol and preparations that contain phenobarbital or ethanol. Also, it is worth considering that paracetamol has its own side effects.
The basis of most combined drugs, including. Anti-cold soluble powders (Coldrex, Cold Flue, Fervex, etc.) include regular paracetamol.
HOW TO SAVE TEMPERATURE IN HOME CONDITIONS WITHOUT DRUGS
To knock down a heat at the adult in house conditions it is possible without application of medicines. And let it not be so quickly, a person will feel relieved and will easily survive unpleasant symptoms while the body is struggling with viruses and bacteria.
TIME TO DRINK TEA
An effective antipyretic agent is liquid. At high temperatures, it is important to avoid dehydration, as this can provoke an additional temperature increase. To do this, you need to replenish the supply of liquid again and again in the form of warm tea (best of all natural – lime, raspberry or rose hips), broth or mineral will intensify sweating and urinating. Thus, detoxification of the body occurs and its thermo regulation is improved.
The use of alcohol or vinegar wipes and compresses is justified by the fact that they use heat transfer and quickly evaporate. Later, the temperature normalizes and the long-awaited relief comes. All you need is to prepare a solution of vinegar (in a ratio of 1: 5) or alcohol (1: 1) and rub your neck, armpits, groin, heels, elbows and popliteal folds. You can apply a compress on the forehead. It is important to not take a few minutes to avoid overheating the body.
ALCOHOL AT HIGH TEMPERATURE
Some people prefer strong alcohol as a cure for colds and flu. However, the method is very doubtful, especially at elevated temperature. At least because alcoholic beverages are energy, which does not combine with bed rest. Also, C2H5OH (alcohol) slows down the synthesis of structural and enzyme proteins, which include the above-mentioned interferon, is so necessary for the functioning of the immune system. In addition, alcohol leads to dehydration and intensifies intoxication.
Avoid elevated temperature and other symptoms of colds and flu in the cold weather can only those with super-strong immunity. And feeling a slight indisposition, most of us rush to drink a miracle medicine and again rush on business. And in this there are several negative points … First, to remove the symptoms – does not mean to recover, and the person continues to infect everyone around. And secondly, sometimes we just need to cheer.